Finished research projects GovernanceLAB
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Policy and legislation create new strategic choices for housing associations

What strategic choices will housing associations make between 2015 and 2020 because of recent changes in their force field? This question was central to the last phase of a multi-year research program on the future of housing associations, conducted by Prof. Cor van Montfort, Dr. Martin Schulz and Eva Buwalda-Groeneweg MA (TIAS School for Business and Society) in cooperation with Aedes. 

Availability, affordability, and financial continuity will be central to the strategic considerations of housing associations in the coming years, according to this study. Corporations feel compelled to make choices in their organization's mission, in particular because of developments driven by policy and legislation (such as the landlord task, the core task discussion, rent increases, and the separation of commercial and social real estate). Against this background, cooperation within a network of different public and private parties becomes more important than ever before. The housing association can act as an initiator and director in this network, without assuming all of the responsibility. The researchers plead in this regard for ‘social entrepreneurship 2.0’. 

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Montfort, C.J., Schulz, M. & Buwalda-Groeneweg, E.Y. (2015). Van meedeinen naar koers zetten. Strategische keuzes van woningcorporaties in een veranderend krachtenveld. Tilburg: TIAS School for Business and Society. (PDF)

Principals of secondary schools can learn a lot from each other

Collegiate managerial visitations provide good opportunities for secondary school principals to professionalize further. They can systematically learn from their own practice by looking at it through the eyes of fellow principals. TIAS Professor Edith Hooge and her colleague Hartger Wassink have carried out research for the Secondary Education Academy into optimal conditions for collegiate managerial visitations in secondary education. The Secondary Education Academy will now develop the idea of collegiate managerial visitation in collaboration with the principals in the industry.

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Hooge, E.H. & Wassink, H. (2015). Leren van besturen. Collegiale bestuurlijke visitatie in het voortgezet onderwijs. Tilburg/Nijmegen: TIAS School for Business and Society/De Professionele Dialoog. (PDF)

The establishment of new schools in local education markets

To help Secretary of State for Education Sander Dekker prepare a new policy, Professors Sietske Waslander and Edith Hooge from TIAS GovernanceLAB have carried out an international comparative study on the establishment of new schools in local education markets. Important factors in making education policy are: rules for the establishing and closing of schools; rules for and the financing of housing; whether the same or entirely different rules apply to new schools; and whether schools can select pupils directly or indirectly. It depends on the combination of all these factors which effects have ‘more room for new schools’.

Dekker advocates ‘more room for new schools’. Few new primary and secondary schools have been established in the Netherlands in recent years. If new schools do come into existence, this usually happens in new housing developments. Dekker wants to change the situation in order to better align ‘supply and demand’.

The preliminary study by Waslander and Hooge is based on a wide range of scientific research and studied experiences with ‘friskolor’ in Sweden, free schools in England, charter schools in Texas, and new schools in New Orleans after the devastation that Hurricane Katrina left behind. Despite the substantial differences, there are some lessons to be learned for the Netherlands.

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Hooge, E.H. & Waslander, S. (2015). Nieuwe toetreders in het onderwijs. Voorstudie op basis van wetenschappelijk onderwijs. Tilburg: TIAS School for Business and Society. (PDF)

The transformation of social policies involves high risks

In the Netherlands, social policies are transforming radical. From now on the local government (municipalities) has to take care of the social support of vulnerable groups and youth care. This new policy offers great advantages for improvement but also high risks, as has been shown in other places in Europe. There we saw that sometimes local government can’t keep the quality of help and care on a certain level. Moreover, often it seems not possible to bridge the gap between local and specialized care.

In the Dutch situation the transformation has to strengthen the role of citizens and lead to a shift form intensive to preventive forms of support and help. This is a thorough ambition. In his book ‘Steunend stelsel’ (in English: ‘Supporting system’), Dr. Pieterjan van Delden (TIAS) describes that this ambition can only be accomplished with the start of three central goals: building social networks of citizens, the creation of a salient local supporting structure and cohesion of the total offer. 

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Delden, P. (2014). Steunend stelsel. Transformatie van het sociaal domein. Amsterdam: Van Gennep. (More information)

Internal supervision should identify issues without intervening

At the request of Verus (association for Christian education), Rienk Goodijk examined the association of management and internal supervision with stakeholders such as the school’s Participation Council or the parents. This was one of four studies within the framework of good governance in Christian education. As schools look to connect more and more with society, stakeholder policy is an important topic on the agenda of directors and supervisors. Still, defining that policy remains a difficult issue for many schools.

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Goodijk, R. (2014). Strategisch partnerschap gestalte geven. De relatie tussen bestuur en toezicht binnen onderwijsinstellingen. Woerden: Verus. (PDF)

Cooperation school management and municipality essential in improving education quality

Cooperation between school management boards and the municipality is a prerequisite in steering the quality of education on an urban level. Professor Edith Hooge presented the results of her study in which the Rotterdam approach Beter Presteren is compared to urban programs for the purpose of improving education in Almere and Amsterdam. Hooge gave her presentation on Thursday 5 June 2014  as part of the final conference on the Rotterdam program Beter Presteren.

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Hooge, E., Hendriks, S. & Meuleners, N. (2014). Leren van Beter Presteren. Stedelijk sturen van onderwijskwaliteit. Rotterdam: Beter Presteren i.s.m. BMC Advies en TIAS School for Business and Society. (PDF)

Housing corporations compared to Education and Health Care 

At the request of the Parlementaire Enquetecommissie Woningcorporaties (in English: Parliamentary Commity of inquiry Housing corporations) Prof. Cor van Montfort, Eva Buwalda-Groeneweg MA and Prof. Rienk Goodijk accomplished a comparative research of the Education sector and Health Care sector toward the Housing corporations. This comparison was aimed to place the housing corporations in a broader perspective. Namely, in the three sectors can be similar problems and (possible) solutions. The analysis is consisting of a factual, analytical and reflective part. 

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Montfort, C.J., Buwalda-Groeneweg, E.Y. & Goodijk, R. (2014). Omgevingsanalyse: woningcorporaties vergeleken met onderwijs en zorg. Onderzoek in opdracht van de Parlementaire Enquêtecommissie Woningcorporaties. Tilburg. (Meer informatie)

Future scenarios for housing corporations in the Netherlands

In 2011 a multi-year research program on the future of housing associations started at TIAS, supervised by Prof. Cor van Montfort, and in cooperation with Aedes. In the first phase, a research is conducted to policy alternatives for the sector. This leaded to an interim publication ‘Publieke meerwaarde in tijden van crisis en krimp’ (2011, in English: ‘Public value in periods of crisis and scarcity’). A follow up of this publication is an essay in the rapportage ‘Voorbij de waan van de dag: over mogelijke toekomsten van de sociale huisvesting in Nederland’ (2014), the result of scenario studies form 2012 up to 2014 for housing corporations in the Netherlands. 

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Montfort, C. van, Schulz, M., Metze, T., Van de Wijdeven, T. Brandsen, T., Helderman, J.-K. & Frankowski, A. (2014). Voorbij de waan van de dag: Over mogelijke toekomsten voor de sociale huisvesting in Nederland. Tilburg: TiasNimbas Business School. (PDF)